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The translation from reality to representation is common to all of us, it’s basically what the cave paintings in Lascaux are. However as reality becomes more and more virtual it seems to me that the opposite translation, from representation to “real” or material becomes more and more significant.

In a speech by Hito Steyerl held at a conference on photography in New York, published on Youtube in 2013, she states that images has started crossing the screen and materialising in reality. She calls it a development of images, from representing “what is already there” to producing reality.

 

Pilvi Takala’s video Real Snow White

 

In Defense of the Poor Image by Hito Steyerl

Steyerl suggests that there is a hierarchy of images where resolution decides rank. But what if its accessibility was as relevant in the classification of an image?

I keep this statement in mind in everything I do.

The poor image is a copy in motion. Its quality is bad, its resolution substandard. As it accelerates, it deteriorates. It is a ghost of an image, a preview, a thumbnail, an errant idea, an itinerant image distributed for free, squeezed through slow digital connections, compressed, reproduced, ripped, remixed, as well as copied and pasted into other channels of distribution.

The poor image is a rag or a rip; an AVI or a JPEG, a lumpen proletarian in the class society of appearances, ranked and valued according to its resolution. The poor image has been uploaded, downloaded, shared, reformatted, and reedited. It transforms quality into accessibility, exhibition value into cult value, films into clips, contemplation into distraction. The image is liberated from the vaults of cinemas and archives and thrust into digital uncertainty, at the expense of its own substance. The poor image tends towards abstraction: it is a visual idea in its very becoming.

(…)

… perhaps one has to redefine the value of the image, or, more precisely, to create a new perspective for it. Apart from resolution and exchange value, one might imagine another form of value defined by velocity, intensity, and spread.

/Hito Steyerl