To Have or To Be + The Art of Loving

Erich Fromm

quoting Marx: “The less you are and the less you express your life the more you have and the greater is your alienated life. Everything the economist takes from you in the way of life and humanity he restores to you in money and wealth”

People that are completely into “having” we would call insane. People that are in full “being” mode we would call a saint.

Art of Loving

Fromm means love is the solution to human existence. We dread separateness and there are different ways we can acheive unity: orgiastic fusion (orgasm, trance),productive work, conformity but only one is truly inter-personal: love.

In creative work, Fromm means that the artist or artisan unites with the world around him through a material. This is valid for all productive work. However most modern work is not productive in this sense (like Marx’s theory of alienation) as worker does not actually see or touch what he/she produced.



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